An electrolyte disorder occurs when the levels of electrolytes in your body are either too high or too low. Bope ET, et al. Depending on the cause of hyponatremia, you may simply need to cut back on how much you drink. Too low or too high potassium can cause muscle spasms, cramps, constipation, and sleep disturbances. They control important physiologic functions. These include: Intravenous (IV) fluids, typically sodium chloride, can help rehydrate the body. This may be related to the effect of women's sex hormones on the body's ability to balance sodium levels. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. Hyponatremia occurs when the sodium in your blood falls below 135 mEq/L. Potassium – helps stabilize blood pressure and control heart beat. syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH), Thirst Quencher: Homemade Electrolyte Drink, Magnesium Supplements: Benefits, Side Effects, and Dosage. Electrolytes like salt, potassium, and calcium perform a variety of important functions within your body. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2016. This content does not have an Arabic version. Sodium – helps maintain the body’s balance of fluids, contract muscles, and convey nerve signals. Adjust Your Diet. Hypernatremia occurs when there’s too much sodium in the blood. Because of the relationship between electrolytes and your body’s water level, you also may experience severe thirst, frequent urination or constipation. Although some of the supplements can be purchased over the counter, most people with electrolyte disorders get a prescription for supplements from their doctor. © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. Symptoms of hypomagnesemia, or low … It can cause weakness, headache, nausea, and muscle…, Hypercalcemia is a condition in which you have too much calcium in your blood. Sodium is an electrolyte, and it helps regulate the amount of water that's in and around your cells. National Kidney Foundation. Magnesium helps move sodium, potassium and calcium in and out of your cells, keeping your other electrolytes in balance. Sodium is an electrolyte, and it helps regulate the amount of water that's in and around your cells. Accessed April 6, 2018. It helps maintain normal blood pressure, supports the work of your nerves and muscles, and regulates your body's fluid balance. All rights reserved. Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic. They may also test your reflexes, as both increased and depleted levels of some electrolytes can affect reflexes. They can also protect you from negative effects while you’re being treated by another method. This article takes a detailed look at electrolytes, their functions, the risk of imbalance and more. Your doctor can perform a pinch test to determine whether dehydration is affecting you. Causes can include: Chloride is necessary for maintaining the proper balance of bodily fluids. Low magnesium levels cause your potassium and calcium levels to drop. Magnesium is a critical mineral that regulates many important functions, such as: Hypermagnesemia means excess amounts of magnesium. Electrolyte disturbances can become life-threatening if left untreated. See our safe care and visitor guidelines, plus trusted coronavirus information. Electrolytes are certain nutrients (or chemicals) present in your body that have many important functions — from regulating your heartbeat to allowing your muscles to contract so you can move. Hyperchloremia occurs when there’s too much chloride in the body. This swelling can cause many health problems, from mild to life-threatening.


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