Next review due: 16 April 2022, parents' guide to managing sickle cell disease (PDF, 3.57Mb), drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration, wear warm clothing to stop you getting cold, avoid sudden temperature changes, such as swimming in cold water, take over-the-counter painkillers, such as, use a warm towel or a wrapped heated pad to gently massage the affected body part – many pharmacies sell heat pads that you can use for this purpose, distractions to take your mind off the pain – for example, children might like to read a story, watch a film or play their favourite computer game, a short course of hormonal medicine may be prescribed to trigger puberty in children with, bone and joint pain can be treated with painkillers, although more severe cases may require surgery, acute chest syndrome, a serious lung condition, usually requires emergency treatment with antibiotics, blood transfusions, oxygen and fluids given into a vein – hydroxycarbamide may be needed to prevent further episodes. Sickle cell disease can also cause a number of other problems that may need to be treated. But dietary supplements like folic acid, which helps stimulate the production of red blood cells, may sometimes be required to help improve anaemia if your child has a restricted diet, such as a vegetarian or vegan diet. It's usually reserved for people younger than age 16 because the risks increase for people older than 16. If you have a sickle cell crisis, you can usually manage it at home. The NHS Sickle Cell and Thalassaemia Screening Programme has a helpful parents' guide to managing sickle cell disease (PDF, 3.57Mb). For a stem cell transplant, stem cells from a healthy donor are given through a drip into a vein. The main thing you can do to reduce your chances of experiencing a painful episode (sickle cell crisis) is to try avoiding possible triggers. Children with sickle cell disease should also have all the routine vaccinations, and possibly also additional vaccinations like the annual flu vaccine and the hepatitis B vaccine. People who need a lot of blood transfusions may also need to take medicine called chelation therapy. Some people may be admitted to the hospital for intense treatment. The main risk is graft versus host disease, a life-threatening problem where the transplanted cells start to attack the other cells in your body. Some people who have severe pain are given opioid (i.e. Long-term use of antibiotics will not pose any serious risks to your health. Most pain related to SCD can be treated with over the counter pain medications such as ibuprofen and aspirin. They can turn into different types of blood cells. Menu By following this strategy, they can … Stem cells are special cells produced by bone marrow, a spongy tissue found in the centre of some bones. This reduces the amount of iron in their blood to safe levels. Bone marrow transplant, also known as stem cell transplant, offers the only potential cure for sickle cell anemia. Page last reviewed: 16 April 2019 You may need treatment with very strong painkillers, such as morphine, in hospital for a few days. If you continue to have episodes of pain, a medicine called hydroxycarbamide (hydroxyurea) may be recommended. Treatments for sickle cell-related anaemia Anaemia often causes few symptoms and may not require specific treatment. Finding a donor is difficult, and the procedure has serious risks associated with it, including death.As a result, treatment for sickle cell anemia is usually aimed at avoiding crises, relieving symptoms and preventing complications. These cells then start to produce healthy red blood cells to replace the sickle cells. Most people need to take a daily dose of antibiotics, usually penicillin, often for the rest of their life. But dietary supplements like folic acid, which helps stimulate the production of red blood cells, may sometimes be required to help improve anaemia if your child has a restricted diet, such as a vegetarian or vegan diet. Children and adults with sickle cell disease are supported by a team of different healthcare professionals working together at a specialist sickle cell centre. Contact your GP if these measures do not work or the pain is particularly severe. Get more advice about living with sickle cell disease. Hydroxycarbamide can lower the amount of other blood cells, such as white blood cells and platelets (clotting cells), so you'll usually have regular blood tests to monitor your health. You usually take it as a capsule once a day. People with sickle cell disease are more vulnerable to infections. Sickle cell disease usually requires lifelong treatment. Anaemia caused by sickle cell disease is not the same as the more common iron deficiency anaemia. Anaemia often causes few symptoms and may not require specific treatment. morphine) medications daily, along with additional pain medication. Stem cell transplants are generally only considered in children with sickle cell disease who have severe symptoms that have not responded to other treatments, when the long-term benefits of a transplant are thought to outweigh the possible risks. Do not take iron supplements to treat it without seeking medical advice, as they could be dangerous. Close menu. A stem cell transplant is an intensive treatment that carries a number of risks. A person with sickle cell anemia or another type of SCD should work closely with their doctor to devise an appropriate treatment plan. Your healthcare team will help you learn more about sickle cell disease, and work with you to come up with an individual care plan that takes into account all your needs and health concerns. If this is not possible, go to your local A&E. If anaemia is particularly severe or persistent, treatment with blood transfusions or hydroxycarbamide may be necessary. Stem cell or bone marrow transplants are the only cure for sickle cell disease, but they're not done very often because of the significant risks involved.

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