Stare is also widely used in Italian.  lui /lei /Lei sarebbe stato/a We’ve said before that it literally translates as “to stay”, and occasionally as the verb “to be”, which may confuse some students.  noi saremo stati/e When telling where someone is, you can choose either essere or stare and they both mean “to stay”, “to be located”, “to remain”.  che voi siate stati/e That way you will be able to always pick the correct word in the correct context. It is intransitive.  tu fosti stato/a  noi stiamo Google Adsense It conjugates with the verb essere.  noi siamo stati/e  loro /Loro starebbero, io sarei stato/a Uscire is an irregular verb. The combination of stare + infinitive means that someone is just about to do something. In these cases, stare is required because the action is temporary. stare, cat. What creates a lot of confusion among students of Italian language is the fact that, in some cases, both can be translated with the verb to be.  che loro /Loro siano stati/e, che io stessi sta. Hence, it’s crucial to get familiar with the stare conjugation and its different meanings. speaking to one person or more than one person. There is also only one tense, the present tense.Moreover, it is very simple, as it is almost exactly the same as the present tense of the indicative.  noi fummo stati/e It’s also important to remember that stare vs essere are not interchangeable when constructing the present continuous, which is only formed by stare + the gerundive of the acting verb. In case you have doubts, always refer to the rules we presented. 'Stare' in Italian . Stare is widely used especially in southern regions.  che tu stessi  loro /Loro sono stati/e, io stavo Conjugate the English verb stare: indicative, past tense, participle, present perfect, gerund, conjugation models and irregular verbs. speaking to someone you call tu. In this article we’ll see when it’s appropriate to use one or the other and all the differences you need to know about Essere vs Stare. Let’s clarify how to use them. Stare is always used with bene (good, well), male (not good, not well), meglio (better), or peggio (worse), when you are describing somebody’s health.  voi sareste stati/e Essere and stare are two important Italian verbs which have many similarities and are sometimes (but not always) interchangeable.. What creates a lot of confusion among students of Italian language is the fact that, in some cases, both can be translated with the verb to be..  che lui /lei /Lei stia For instance: You have no choice but essere when talking about the time and date too. estar, por.  lui /lei /Lei starà estar, rom.  voi foste stati/e So why Italians sometimes use stare where English speakers use “to be”? Italian imperative Using Italian imperative.  (noi) stiamo But occasionally you can find that the verb stare is used in Italian when English uses to be, too. telling someone not to do something. The indirect imperative in Italian The indirect imperative is the form to use in formal contexts, when we are speaking to people that we don’t know very well or to whom we want to show our respect by using a polite language. io sto Stare to form the imperative mood or express an invitation. In all these cases you can’t use essere.  loro /Loro stettero, io fui stato/a Via Roma) - 09125 Cagliari - Sardinia - ITALY, Tel. you are: telling someone to do something.  noi staremo Stare is especially used with adjectives describing someone’s mood or mental conditions. Stare is used together with some adjectives such as “ solo ”, “ calmo ”, “ zitto ”, “ tranquillo ”, to invite someone to act in a certain way or to do something: Sta’ zitto – Be quiet. An example to better understand this concept is the following: In the first sentence you’re just describing your position (standing up), while in the second you’re implying that you are voluntarily standing. esp.  che noi stessimo  loro /Loro saranno stati/e, che io stia Below you will find all its indicative forms (present, present perfect, imperfect, past perfect, past definite, past anterior, future simple and future perfect); all its subjunctive forms (present, present perfect, imperfect and past perfect); all its conditional forms (present and past); its imperative forms; its gerund (past and present); its infinitive (past and present) and its participles (past and present). stare – stia (Lei) essere – sia (Lei) avere – abbia (Lei) When we use reflexive verbs in the formal ‘Lei’ imperative form, the reflexive pronoun ‘si’ remains separated from the verb, as in these examples: spostarsi – si sposti (Lei) svegliarsi – si svegli (Lei) vestirsi – si vesta (Lei)  voi stareste  voi eravate stati/e  loro /Loro sarebbero stati/e, (tu) sta, stai, sa' How to Form the Italian Imperative When you learn how the imperative is formed for the informal ( tu ) and the formal ( lei ) it’s going to feel very backward. Sometimes, it means “to be” too. You can’t use stare here, because the verb stare actually means “to stay”. Keep in mind the situations where each word is used and pay attention to the use of essere vs stare by native speakers. You must use stare to talk about one’s health (sto male – I’m ill) or to tell where someone is located in a certain moment.  che voi foste stati/e  loro /Loro furono stati/e, io starò In Italian, that special form is called the imperative (l'imperativo), and it’s used to give orders and offer advice or suggestions. It is not difficult to choose between essere vs stare once you understand the different situations where they are used. For instance, the Roman dialect uses stare a lot. You use essere to identify yourself or others.  tu stai We’ve seen how to choose among them properly, however, people speaking dialects tend to prefer one over the other. The same happens when you talk about staying home alone, you use stare to highlight that it’s a transitory condition.  lui /lei /Lei era stato/a The verb stare has a more transitory meaning when indicating a condition.  lui /lei /Lei stette For this reason, the indirect imperative is also colled formal imperative. You use essere to describe someone physically and also for his/her personality traits: You use essere to say where someone or something is located. essere and stare - Easy Learning Grammar Italian In Italian there are two irregular verbs, e ssere and stare , that both mean to be .


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