By this, the Father will gain two things, both of great mo∣ment. But the Learning and Mastery of a Tongue, being uneasie and unplea∣sant enough in it self, should not be cumbred with any other Difficulties, as is done in this way of proceeding. But he, that is Foo∣lish or Vicious, can be neither Great nor Happy, what Estate soever you leave him: And I ask you, Whether there be not Men in the world, whom you had rather have your Son be with 500 l. per Annum, than some other you know with 5000 l. §. Page  89 Page  73 Personal tools. way of that Country, a respect and value far them, according to their Rank and Condition. As soon as it is perceived, the first thing to be done, is to find out his most predominate Passion, and care∣fully examine, what it is, to which the greatest bent of his Mind has the most steady and earnest Tendency: And when you have found that, you must set that on work to excite his Industry to any thing else. 66. And if his Memory retain them all his life after, he will not repent to find them there amongst his manly Thoughts, and serious Business. His view of liberalism comprised limited government, featuring elected representation and legislative checks and balances. Why must he at seven, fourteen, or twenty Years old, lose the Privilege which the parent's indul∣gence, till then, so largely allowed him? which, whether they do more Harm to the Maker, or Eater, is not easie to tell. 141. As a Consequence of this, * they should seldom be put upon doing even those Things you have got an In∣clination in them to, but when they have a Mind and Disposition to it. 201. When this Foundation is once * well laid, and you find this Reverence begin to work in him, the next thing to be done is carefully to consider his Temper, and the particular Constitu∣tion of his Mind. Or be con∣stantly so treated, for some Circum∣stance in his application to it? §. For what else can be ex∣pected, when it is promiscuously used upon every little slip, when a Mi∣stake in Concordance, or a wrong Po∣sition in Verse, shall have the severity of the Lash, in a well-temper'd and in∣dustrious Lad, as surely, as a willfull Crime, in an obstinate and perverse The first step is to try by talking to him kindly of the fol∣ly and inconvenience of it, whereby he loses a good part of his time which he might have for his diversion; But be sure to talk calmly and kindly, and not much at first, but only these plain Reasons in short. Page  46 Page  29 〈1 page duplicate〉Page  104〈1 page duplicate〉Page  105Page  106 By this, if the Reverence he owes you be establish'd early, it will always be Sa∣cred to him, and it will be as hard for him to resist it as the Principles of his Nature. 19. What they do chearfully of themselves, do they not presently grow sick of, and can no more endure, as soon as they find it is expected of them, as a Duty? The Father cannot stay any longer for the Portion, nor the Mother for a new Sett of Babies to play with; and so my young Master, whatever comes on't must have a Wife look'd out for him, by that time he is of Age; though it would be no prejudice to his Strength, his Parts, nor his Issue, if it were re∣spited for some time, and he had leave to get, in Years and Knowledge, the start a little of his Children, who are often found to tread too near upon the heels of their Fathers, to the no great Satisfaction either of Son or Fa∣ther. If the Noise and Bustle of their Play prove at any Time inconve∣nient, or unsuitable to the Place or Company they are in, (which can on∣ly be where their Parents are,) a Look or a Word from the Father or Mother, Page  252 §. must take the contrary course; ob∣serve what Play he is most deligh∣ted with; enjoin that, and make him play so many Hours every Day, not as a punishment for playing, but as if it were the business required of him. THese Thoughts concerning Edu∣cation, which now come abroad into the World, do of right belong to You, being written several Years since for your sake, and are no other than what you have already by you in my Letters. 17. Rhetorick and Logick being * the Arts that in the ordinary method usually follow immediately after Gram∣mar, it may perhaps be wondered that I have said so little of them: The rea∣son is, because of the little advantage young People receive by them: For I have seldom or never observed any one to get the Skill of reasoning well, or speaking handsomly by studying those Rules, which pretend to teach it: And therefore I would have a young Gen∣tleman take a view of them in the shortest Systems could be found, with∣out dwelling long on the contempla∣tion and study of those Formalities. The Way I have mentioned, if I mis∣take not, is the only one to obtain this. These Defects in the Female Sex in that Country, are by some, im∣puted to the unreasonable binding of their Feet, whereby the free Circula∣tion of the Blood is hindred, and the Growth and Health of the whole Bo∣dy suffers. For such Bug-bear Thoughts once got into the tender Minds of Children, sink deep there, and fasten themselves so, as not easily, if ever, to be got out again, and whilst they are there, frequently haunt them §. I told you before that Chil∣dren * love Liberty, and therefore they should be brought to do the things are fit for them, without feeling any re∣straint laid upon them. Pains to me barely to count the Mo∣ney, I would spend, What Labour and Pains did it cost my Ancestors, not only to count, but get it? Page  232 Page  26 121. 134. §. For when they do well or ill, the Praise or Blame will be laid there; and when any thing is done untowardly, the com∣mon Saying will pass upon them, That it is suitable to their Breeding. More Fevers and Surfeits are got by People's Drinking when they are hot, than by any one Thing I know; therefore, if by Play he be hot and dry, Bread will ill go down, and so if he cannot have Drink, but upon But, why have you a Tutor, if there needed no pains?


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