The use of the word is not as varied, being concentrated on the one supreme subject. The exact meaning of some of these statements is difficult to understand, yet this much is clear: there was a revolt against death in many pious minds, and a belief that the life of fellowship with God could not end or be broken even by death itself. Consistently throughout Scripture God is portrayed as the giver of life, which distinguishes living organisms from inanimate things ( Rom 4:17 ). "In his favor is life" (Psalms 30:5 the King James Version). The breath of life distinguishes the living from the dead, not human beings from animals ( Eccl 3:18-19 ). A similar conception of life appears here as in the Old Testament. Most of the teachings recorded, circle around this great word "life." There was one commandment, "You are free to eat from any tree in the garden; but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for when you eat of it you will surely die." Zoe and peuche are used and occur most frequently in the books of The Wisdom of Solomon and Ecclus. It is a present possession and a hope (Titus 1:2; 3:7). Sin and Spiritual Death. It is the free gift of God (Romans 6:23). It is a purely academic objection. On the one hand, the Creator is the sovereign Lord of the days of one's life. The longevity of the ante-diluvian patriarchs is a problem by itself (see ANTEDILUVIANS). We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Of the Hebrew terms, chayah is the verb which means "to live," "to have life," or the vital principle, "to continue to live," or "to live prosperously." By using the Strong's version of the King James and New American Standard Bibles, a deeper knowledge, of the passage being studied, can be gained. For this reason, those who live by faith are not to worry, for they rest in the assurance that God cares about their life ( Matt 6:25-34 ; Luke 12:22-31 ). on the various passages; Davidson, Old Testament Theology; Oehler and Schultz, Old Testament Theology; Stevens, Johannine Theology and Pauline Theology; Holtzmann, New Testament Theology, I, 293; G. Dalman, Words of Jesus; Phillips Brooks, More Abundant Life; B.F. Westcott, Historic Faith; F.J.A. These relationships are called "eternal life" (John 3:15,16,36; 4:14, etc.). Welcome to the Hebrew Lexicon. The idea of “life” is an abstract thought meaning that the concept of “life” cannot be seen, heard, smelled, tasted or felt. This fellowship brought him health, friends, prosperity and all other blessings. At other times it refers to the seat of the soul, the personality, the emotions, the appetites--passions and even mental acts. Daniel 12:2 asserts a resurrection of many of the dead, some to everlasting life and some to shame and everlasting contempt. Sometimes it has the force of the reflexive "self." This long life was possible to the obedient to parents (Exodus 20:12; Deuteronomy 5:16), and to those obedient to God (Deuteronomy 4:4; Proverbs 3:1,2; 10:27); to the wise (Proverbs 3:16; 9:11); to the pure in heart (Psalms 34:12-14; 91:1-10; Ecclesiastes 3:12,13); to those who feared God (Proverbs 10:27; Isaiah 65:18-21; 38:2-5, etc.). In Psalm 71:9 the psalmist prays in his old age, not that he might escape death, but rather that the Lord would not forsake him as his strength fades and death approaches. (3) The prevailing reference, however, is to those activities which are the expression of fellowship with God and Jesus Christ. G. R. Beasley-Murray, SJT27 (1974): 76-93; G. Bornkamm, Early Christian Experience; F. F. Bruce, SJT24 (1971): 457-72; R. Bultmann, G. von Rad, and G. Bertram, TDNT, 2:832-75; J. C. Coetzee, Neot 6 (1972): 48-66; C. H. Dodd, The Interpretation of the Fourth Gospel; A. J. Feldman, The Concept of Immortality in Judaism Historically Considered; G. E. Ladd, A Theology of the New Testament; J. Pedersen, Israel: Its Life and Culture; H. H. Rowley, The Faith of Israel; R. Schnackenburg, Christian Existence in the New Testament; V. Taylor, ExpT76 (1964-65): 76-79; H. W. Wolff, Anthropology of the Old Testament. In these passages Jesus seems to imply that it is almost equivalent to "laying up treasures in heaven," or to "entering the kingdom of God." In the Piel it signifies "to give life, or preserve, or quicken and restore life." Men first lived because God breathed into them the breath of life (Genesis 2:7). Of the Greek terms bios is used at times as the equivalent of the Hebrew chayyim. The term "life" is used in the Old Testament in the popular sense. lif (chayyim, nephesh, ruach, chayah; zoe, psuche, bios, pneuma): 6. It is called "eternal life" (Matthew 19:29; 25:46). Where violence has shed blood, there must be an accounting and a just penalty ( Gen 4:10-11 ; 9:5-6 ; Exod 21:23 ; Lev 24:17-22 ; Deut 19:21 ; Matt 5:38 ). There is no conflict in His teaching here, no real difficulty, only an illustration of Browning's statement, "Man never is but wholly hopes to be." Wisdom and Ecclesiasticus use it in several senses closely resembling the use in Proverbs (compare Ecclesiasticus 4:12; Proverbs 3:18; 10:16). A choice, not a difficult one, must be made ( Deut 30:11 ), for God had set before them "life and prosperity, death and destruction blessings and curses. The word is used in the sense of. God (Yahweh) as the Source and Sustainer of Life. The Spirit of God at work in them gives life, peace, and freedom ( Romans 8:6 Romans 8:11 ; 2 Cor 3:6 ), which is witnessed by the present world in their love for one another. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. It is brought to light through the gospel (2 Timothy 1:10). of The objection may have force to one who has imbibed the Ritschlian idea of performing the impossible task of eliminating all metaphysics from theology. For many of us, rain means a spoiled picnic but to the ancient Hebrews, rain meant life, for without it their nomadic life would end. (3) The life is represented as a direct gift from God, and dependent absolutely upon Him for its continuance (Genesis 1:11-27; 2:7; Numbers 16:22). Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. As the Son of God, he had been active in creation ( John 1:1-4 ), and came to give new life or birth ( John 3:3 John 3:5 John 3:7 ; John 6:33 John 6:51 ) to all who believe in him ( 3:16 ). It is the end or reward of a sanctified life (Romans 6:22). John 12:25 ). When God ceases to breathe, life is no more, "How many are your works, O Lord! Hort, The Way, the Truth, the Life; J.G. (2) It is used to denote the period of one's actual existence, i.e. "All my fountains are in thee" (Psalms 87:7). Daniel envisions a resurrection and judgment assigning those raised to everlasting life or everlasting shame and contempt ( Dan 12:1-3 ). In the Johannine Epistles and Revelation, the contents of the term "life" are the same as those in the Fourth Gospel. There was nothing good or desirable apart from this relation of fellowship. Clicking on the keyboard icon will open and close the Hebrew Keyboard. It is also mediated or imparted to us through the Spirit (Romans 8:2,6,9,10; 2 Corinthians 2:16; 3:6; Galatians 6:8). By Jeff A. Benner. He alone can give true rest and can teach men how to live (Matthew 11:28). Some of the psalmists firmly believed in the continuity of the life in fellowship with God (Psalms 16:10,11; 17:15; 23:6; 49:15; 73:24,25). Ruach signifies "wind," "breath," principle or source of vitality, but is never used to signify life proper. In Isaiah 26:19 there is a clear prophecy of a resurrection, and an end of death. In addition, links to entries in additional resources, matching your query, will be displayed. 6. (7) Many times it is used synonymously with happiness or well-being (Deuteronomy 30:15,19; Ezra 6:10; Psalms 16:11; 30:5; Proverbs 2:19, and frequently). Go to, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient. It is virtually fellowship with the Father and with the Son (1John 1:2,4). Chai (חי) is a Hebrew word and symbol that means “life,” "alive," or "living." Orr, James, M.A., D.D. Articles on "Life" in HDB, DCG, Jewish Encyclopedia;on "Soul," "Spirit," etc., ibid, and in Encyclopedia Brit, EB, Kitto, Smith, Standard, etc. The Hiphil is much like the Piel. It is into this experience that Jesus came to bring men. Here it is the breath of life, or the breath from God which contained and communicated the vital principle to man and made him a nephesh or living being (see also Genesis 1:30; 6:17; 7:22; 45:5, etc.).


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