| Furthermore, because mums flower so late in the season, they are nondescript, though not unattractive, in the garden until blooming time. You can find hundreds of hardy varieties, each with different colors and bloom shapes that will add interest in your autumn landscape. You will rarely find named mums in garden centers. William N. Hopkins, Credit: Avoid soaking the foliage, which can lead to disease. See how you can personalize your home's entrance with holiday front door decorations, including evergreen wreaths, garlands, pinecones, and pops of plaid. Those of you who live south of Zone 6 can push the envelope, opting for varieties that need more time to reach their full potential. Pinch about half of the tender new growth at the top of the shoot; choose some stems with buds and some without. Choose a spot that gets at least six hours of sun a day. They like a soil pH slightly on the acidic side. 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Leaf spots and powdery mildew are rarely fatal, but plants with other diseases should be removed and destroyed. In late summer, transfer the ready-to-bloom plants into the garden to take the place of tired-looking annuals. These types of mums grow a stunning 1 to 3 feet tall, perfect for growing along a garden fence. this link is to an external site that may or may not meet accessibility guidelines. You may be able to find the same content in another format, or you may be able to find more information, at their web site. All the times and temperatures you need to know to roast turkey, chicken, beef, and pork for your feast. Building your essential baking toolbox starts here! Don't fertilize plants set out in fall as annuals, but the plants you hope to overwinter should get high-phosphorus fertilizer to stimulate root growth. Whatever your style — flashy or casual, restrained or formal — there's a mum for you. Like people, individual deer have specific tastes. After a couple of weeks, repot the cutting (which has sprouted roots) to a small container filled with potting soil. If nothing develops at the base of the plant, it's a sign that the plant did not survive the winter. In late summer, transfer the ready-to-bloom plants into the garden to take the place of tired-looking annuals. Planting these specimens in the garden in late summer or early fall does not guarantee sufficient time for the plants to become established. That way any new growth forced by the nutrients will not be in danger of damage from icy weather. Your Complete Guide to Growing Gorgeous Fall Mums. But when planted in mixed borders, they will end your garden season with a bang. Plant mums in fertile, moist, well-drained soil, as the soil warms in the spring. Finally, to further increase the odds that your chrysanthemums will survive winter, consider planting them in spring as opposed to late summer, to give root systems ample time to become established. Also known as florist mums, these chrysanthemums have long, tightly overlapping petals. Established plants should not be fed after July, so new growth is not injured by frost. This will improve their chances of overwintering and reblooming the next year. Spider chrysanthemums look a lot like the quilled and anemone mums. Once new shoots start to develop, give them a little slow-release granular flower fertilizer. Some of the most popular varieties for quilled mums are ‘Mammoth Yellow Quill’, spikes of yellow, and ‘Seatons Toffee’, with red spikes resembling sparklers on the Fourth of July. Only a few more weeks until mums arrive in full force. Mums can make a wonderful impact in containers. Cleaning your home doesn't have to be a daunting, time-consuming chore. Mums set buds in response to day length, so avoid confusing them by planting where they might be exposed to bright nighttime light from a patio or window or even a streetlight. Huge blossoms measure up to 4 inches across. When bottom leaves look limp or start to turn brown, water more often. First, leave the foliage on the plants until spring. On average, garden mums will not start to set buds until the nights last about 10 hours long. Credit: Two to three weeks later, transplant it to the garden and keep fertilizing. The florets are usually a darker color. Give the pot a good watering until it flows out of the bottom of the pot. After cutting, split the stem ends so they can take up water more efficiently. On the plus side, mums contain a toxin called pyrethrin, used in commercial insecticides, making it a natural insect repellent. Cool temperatures don't bother mums, either. To pinch a plant, remove the growing tip of a stem by nipping it between your thumb and forefinger. The repeated freezing and thawing of the soil will heave the plant out of the ground and kill the roots. Great information. When selecting varieties, there's wide range of types to pick from: decorative, daisy, and low-growing cushion mums as well as early-blooming anemones, quills, and spiders. The right chrysanthemum flowers for your garden will come from a diverse selection of hardy or garden mums. When winter looms, apply a mulch of crisscrossed evergreen boughs to help plants make it through the cold weather ahead. For fall-planted mums to have a better chance of survival in cold areas, you need to give the roots and crown of the plant extra protection. If you think mums are limited to the candy-colored mounded plants often sold in front of grocery stores, think again. If you have a lot of evergreen plants that provide a backdrop of varying shades of green foliage, try bright pinks, lavenders, pure whites, or reds. Whether it's a tried-and-true 1940s BH&G cookie recipe or a unique twist on sugar cookies, our Test Kitchen's compiled a lot of favorite cookie recipes over the years. Water newly planted mums thoroughly, and never let them wilt. Be sure to water consistently, especially during dry spells and in fall, when plants are storing up energy for winter survival. ), remove the tips of stems early in the season to encourage branching. Pinching back stems helps produce compact, fuller plants. The Chrysanthemum ‘Lava’ Spider Mum resembles a firework caught mid burst. In warmer climates, consider heat delay. © Copyright 2020 Meredith Corporation. Garden mums are often purchased already flowering in containers. Marty Baldwin. Use shorter cushion mums to carpet a slope. (Though deer-resistant plant lists are always a great place to start.). Mums thrive in full sun but can handle a bit of shade. Bloom times vary with variety and climate from early September through mid-October. Start pinching as soon as you see a good flush of buds. Soil should remain moist, but not soggy. Mums aren't as expensive as many perennials, so if you want, you can plant them as annuals without worrying that you've spent too much money on something that might not live more than one season. The key to those full, rounded domes of blooms that you associate with mums is pinching to create more branching and keep plants compact. 1. Water should drain freely through the soil and out the bottom of the pot when watering. Start a feeding cycle in March, April, or May, depending upon your zone. The new European-style Prophets Series — from Greenhouse Grower, an Ohio-based wholesale breeder and nursery — boasts more than 100 blossoms per plant. You can plant a potted florist mum you receive as a gift but don't expect it to survive the winter outside, no matter how much protection you give it. As these spring blooming flowers fade, the mums will fill in and hide their unattractive fading foliage. And best of all for home gardeners, mums are generally pest- and disease-resistant, making few demands beyond ample sunshine and consistent watering. Garden mums (Chrysanthemum spp.) Making sure your potted mums thrive starts with picking the right plant. The 10 Most Popular House Styles Explained, A Whole-House Cleaning Schedule You'll Actually Stick To, Call Your Stylist: These Hair Colors Will Be Everywhere This Spring, 7 Small But Impactful Ways to Fit Self-Care Into Your Day Right Now, Luna, Bella & Lily Top This Year's List of Most Popular Cat Names, Don't put potted mums out too early in the season.

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