Both variables are the result of domestication and livestock practices that have appeared since man has become sedentary. Extensive farming has a number of advantages over intensive farming: Less labour per unit areas is required to farm large areas, especially since expensive alterations to land (like terracing) are completely absent. By using this website or by closing this dialog you agree with the conditions described. Extensive Farming is a system of crop cultivation using small amounts of labor and capital about the area of land farmed. This means that common people can now afford a balanced and nutritious diet. They are urging the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) [3] To take action in this regard. As mentioned before, extensive livestock farming has the characteristic of harnessing the natural resources of which a specific territory is already endowed. In this sense, it is an agricultural practice carried out in areas where the population density is low and therefore the extensions of land are ample. These operate both importing and exporting livestock goods; Depending on market trends and product demand, as well as local net production. Today it is one of the livestock activities that represents part of the economic development of many populations. At face value, it is hard to discount the importance of this industry: the direct contributions of livestock farming to the economy are estimated at about 883 billion dollars [1] and this does not account for the services that rely on it, ranging from butchers, retailers, transport companies to feed producers and equipment manufacturers. The Extense livestock farming Is a highly demanded practice and economic activity of the agricultural industry. Extensive livestock farming has the advantage of being an economic activity that is profitable due to the low costs generated by the investment of technical resources. Unlike intensive livestock, which are characterized by raising livestock by keeping it in captivity and often in overcrowded conditions, extensive livestock production aims to produce and maintain livestock by harnessing the natural conditions of a favorable field or extension of land . While more developed countries are becoming net exporters of livestock products for daily consumption. Grazing also leads to resource savings within this industry. It should be noted that land full of trees or rocks represent an obstacle to the free feeding of livestock. The demand for livestock products in some countries has increased to the extent that they can not satisfy their local consumers, and many times use the importation of food for livestock or directly to livestock products (eggs, meat, milk, etc.). The same is true for 65 percent of nitrous oxide generated by waste in manure. Extensive Farming is a system of cultivation, which uses limited inputs, i.e. Greater efficiency of labour means generally lower product prices. Both intensive and extensive livestock combine elements such as land, technology and labor. It consists of the so-called grazing or natural breeding of livestock, where domestic animals are fed freely in fields and green areas. Although this activity generates economic income and generates most of the food (meat) consumed in human life. Added to this, extensive livestock needs more land for production and profitability than intensive livestock. The terrain, in general, responds to the inclement weather of the area. Net importers in eastern and southeastern Asia import pork and beef, while Western Asia, North and Northeast Africa import beef in general. One of the main impacts of livestock activity is deforestation. The animals look for food for themselves since this is generated autonomously by the land, they only require pastors who care for their stay. In this method, traditional methods of farming are given preference. On the other hand, FAO itself has shown the climatic consequences of air pollution. Advantages. And on the other hand, they have spaces and fields full of pastures to start their livestock business. Although it is carried out in a natural way, that is to say, it does not use chemical elements to increase its production, deforestation and climate change are inherent to its practice. Conceptual frameworks used to assess and understand animal welfare in intensive systems can be applied to extensive systems. Extensive farming has a number of advantages over intensive farming: Less labour per unit areas is required to farm large areas, especially since expensive alterations to land (like terracing) are completely absent. Although extensive livestock farming has the peculiarity of being a sustainable and sustainable activity in itself. Yields tend to be much lower than with intensive farming in the short term. How might learnings from extensive farming inform welfare decisions in more intensive farming systems, and vice versa? It should be mentioned that many non-industrialized countries often trade their livestock products among themselves and become exporters and importers. On the other hand, countries like China have had a significant and constant increase in the export of their livestock products, proportional to the increase of maize imports in the last 30 years. So it is, that many farmers are in need not only to find new hectares for their animals, but also to generate such spaces. We use cookies to provide our online service. In addition to the aforementioned production of healthy and high-quality food, extensive livestock farming is a sustainable industry because its basis lies in the use of ecosystems. At the same time, the paper presents the main causes and appropriate conditions to carry out this agricultural activity. This feature represents a point of preference for consumers; More and more products generated through extensive livestock are increasingly accepted because of their nutritional properties. With the introduction of intensive farming, farm produce, such as vegetables, fruits, and poultry products have become less expensive. Feeding livestock through the natural ecosystem produces healthier foods; Free of stimulants and artificial hormones, such as clenbuterol, which on the one hand accelerate the growth and production of livestock but, on the other hand, lack the organic nutrients provided by the soil. Extensive livestock farming is important for the human diet and diet. However, in the latter the use of resources is often less. To show this theme, the main forms of commercialization and production derived from this breeding have been exposed. (Ed.). Among the regions of exporting countries is mainly Latin America, which is notable for the export of chicken and beef, India that exports, and East and Southeast Asia that exports beef and eggs. In sum, extensive livestock farming is known as a practice of the agricultural industry, which as we pointed out at the outset, is characterized by the raising of domestic animals in large areas of land. It is estimated that this activity provides the majority of the meat consumed in the world. Finally we have exposed the main causes that affect the ecosystem during the practice in excess of extensive livestock. Large land requirements limit the habitat of wild species (in some cases, even very low stocking rates can be dangerous), as is the case with intensive farming. On the other hand, developing countries show highly variable trends in the agricultural industry. High crop yield; It means more range of food can be produced; It is more efficient; Affordable food prices; Helps in ensuring regulated farming; A sustainable supply of food; What is Extensive Farming? In addition to the aforementioned production of healthy and high-quality food, extensive livestock farming is a sustainable industry because its basis lies in the use of ecosystems. Finally, intensive agriculture requires greater investments in energy (electricity), resources (water) and technology, while extensive investment depends on natural hydrological cycles. It also aids in solving the worldwide hunger problems to a great extent. On the other hand, it is also an activity that generates significant changes in the environment. According to researchers at Stanford University, the problem of deforestation and changes in ecosystems are becoming serious problems at all levels, both local, national and international. The increase in net exports of these regions has increased during the last decade. Although many of the fields used for grazing are areas and pastures of virgin areas conducive to this activity: plains and pastures, the intervention of livestock farmers generates a significant change in the ecosystem. Extensive livestock farming is still prevalent mainly in areas of South America, Western Europe, Africa and Southeast Asia. Although it is an activity that has taken root in some geographical areas, it can be considered as a global phenomenon, since many of the good quality foods that are consumed are produced thanks to the extensive livestock.


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