The principal timbers used for framing and most carpentry in general are in the conifer, or softwood, group and include various species of pine, fir, spruce, and cedar. They are set on edge and placed in parallel rows across the width of the house. Delivered to your inbox! 1 : the art or trade of a carpenter specifically : the art of shaping and assembling structural woodwork. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Save 50% off a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. So like any other specialized industry, it comes with its own set of unique terms. 14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1. Air-Dried Lumber: Lumber that has been dried to a moisture content of approximately 15 percent by unheated air. Carpentry Terms. Such supports are called trusses. These frames were usually rectangular in plan, with a central row of columns to support a ridgepole…, carpentry, junction of two or more members of a framed structure. In the past, when buildings were often wholly constructed of timber framing, the carpenter played a considerable part in building construction; along with the mason he was the principal building worker. They are anchored to a horizontal foundation plate at the bottom and a plate at the top, both 2 × 4 timber. For wide roof spans extra support is provided by adding a horizontal cross brace, making the rafters look like the letter A, with a V-shaped diagonal support on the cross bar. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Floors are framed by anchoring 1.5 × 11-inch (4 × 28-centimetre) lumber called joists on the foundation for the first floor and on the plates of upper floors. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/technology/carpentry, carpentry - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The term includes both structural timberwork in framing and items such as doors, windows, and staircases. Carpenters traditionally worked with natural wood and did the rougher work such as framing, but today many other materials are also used and sometimes the finer trades of cabinetmaking and furniture building are considered carpentry. The development of laminated timbers such as plywood, and the practice of prefabrication have simplified and lowered the cost of carpentry. if the timber was lying on a flat surface, then the centre would be slightly lifted. The level shows whether a surface is perfectly horizontal or vertical, and the trisquare tests the right angle between adjacent surfaces. Compass. The crosscut saw cuts across wood grain, and the rip saw cuts with the grain. Carpentry is a skilled profession and practically an art form. With additional experience and training, many students are in a position to move on to even more lucrative careers in. “Carpentry.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/carpentry. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The timber used in the framing is put to various uses. Also in finish carpentry terms refers to the crack between a door and the jamb. Arch: A curved structure designed to support its weight and the load above it. A carpenter’s work may also extend to interior jobs, requiring some of the skills of a joiner. Rip or Rip cut - A saw cut that follows the grain of the wood. Corrections? Construction hardware - There's plenty of construction hardware on construction sites, but when used in the context of technology, people are referring to hardware like sensors, which connect to software products to automate tasks and deliver insights through data. Anchor Bolts: Bolts driven into concrete that are used to hold structural members in place. Carpentry, the art and trade of cutting, working, and joining timber. In later stages, a subfloor of planks or plywood is laid across the joists, and on top of this is placed the finished floor—narrower hardwood planks that fit together with tongue-and-groove edges or any variety of covering.

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